Siberian Ginseng Side Effects


Siberian ginseng is a distant relative of the American and the Asian ginseng, and it belongs to the family, Araliaceae. Its scientific name is Eleutherococcus senticosus. It is basically a small, woody, and spiny shrub with a root that resembles the carrot in appearance.

The herb is native to the regions of Northeastern Asia. It has been used in Eastern countries, especially in China and Russia, as a herbal medicine for treating a host of ailments. It shares some of the medicinal properties and benefits of ginseng (the American and Asian ginseng). But the active chemical compounds found in this herb are quite different from those found in the American and Asian ginseng.

Potential Benefits

It is mainly known as an adaptogen, which can increase the body's resistance to stress, anxiety, fatigue, and trauma. The main active compound found in this herb is 'eleutheroside', which is believed to have a stimulating effect on the immune system. Traditionally, it has been used for treating common cold and flu, and for increasing the level of energy and stamina. One of the important benefits of this herb is that it can help improve brain functions, especially the cognitive functions.

Other possible benefits include, improvement in memory, alertness, and endurance, and an increase in sperm count. It is also used to treat herpes viral infections, headaches, insomnia, angina, and bone marrow suppression caused by chemotherapy. It can help increase the level of testosterone in the body. It has exhibited the ability to inhibit the replication of certain viruses in laboratory studies. Presently, this herb is being studied to find out its efficacy in treating HIV.

Siberian Ginseng Dangers

If used in the appropriate dosage and under the supervision of a herbalist or health care provider, this herb has not been found to cause any serious side effects. Gastrointestinal discomforts, such as stomach or abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting can be experienced by some individuals, especially if they are sensitive to this herb, or if they take it in high dosage.

People with heart disease, and those who are taking the drug digoxin, should not take this herb without consulting their physicians. The simultaneous use of Siberian ginseng and digoxin can increase the level of digoxin in the body. A high level of digoxin can affect the heart rhythm.

This herb can also increase blood pressure, and so, people having hypertension should not take it without consulting their physicians. This herb is used for the treatment of insomnia. But if it is taken in high dosage, or at bedtime, one can experience difficulty in sleeping. Some other possible side effects of this herb are, headaches, drowsiness, nosebleeds, and irregular heart rhythm.

This herb can interact with certain medications. It is known to prolong the time of blood clotting. Therefore, if taken along with blood-thinning or anticoagulant drugs like aspirin and warfarin, this herb can increase the risk of bleeding. The herbal extract or supplements of Siberian ginseng can increase or exaggerate the effects of sedatives, anticonvulsants, and some tricyclic antidepressants. So, people taking these medications should inform their physicians before considering to take this herbal medicine. Apart from these, this herb may interact with some other drugs, like certain allergy and antifungal medications, cancer drugs, oral contraceptives, and cholesterol-lowering medications.

To sum up, like any other herbs and herbal supplements, Siberian ginseng can also cause some side effects, if it is not taken with adequate care and precaution. So, consider to consult a physician and disclose all information regarding your health, and the kind of medications you are using, before taking this herb. This herb is usually not recommended for children, and pregnant and breastfeeding women. So, they should stay away from this herb to avoid any undesirable side effects.

Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice.
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Hawaiian Names for Dogs


Everything is bright and beautiful about Hawaii, be it the surf, the beaches or the delicious food. For those who once visit the islands, it is difficult to forget the tropical beauty. Are you one of such people who is finding it difficult to shed the memories of your visit to Hawaii off your mind? If yes, then what better way than to choose one from the numerous Hawaiian names for dogs listed in this article for your pet, that would keep the memories of the vacation fresh and beautiful? Yes, from being innovative to cute, Hawaiian dog names are fast catching up with pet owners who want a little uncommon yet peppy names for their pet dogs. Here is a list of a few names and their meanings that one could use for his female or male dogs.

Hawaiian Dog Names

The Hawaiian culture and language are very closely related to those of the Polynesians. Also, the first dogs that came to Hawaii were brought along by these people. This happened about 1000 years ago. However, the Polynesians, hardly felt any need to name their dogs. This is because only a few of the canines were meant to provide companionship. Most were regarded as delicacy to be served to the chieftains during special occasions and celebrations. However, it is definitely not so in present times. As time went by more and more dogs were brought to the islands. These interbred with the earlier ones and a new dog breed emerged. As the older breed disappeared the new breed became very popular with the Hawaiians. These were known as poi dogs as they were fed a diet rich in poi fish. This ensured good dog health as the newer generation was more concerned about providing proper dog care to their pets. Nevertheless, along with the beauty of the island, the popularity of Hawaiian names for dogs also soared. A look at the list provided below would make it clear that choosing Hawaiian name for your pet is a great option as it keeps up with the spirit of the beautiful place and also because they sound sweet when pronounced due to limited consonants and vowels sounds in the language.

Names for Male Dogs

Here is a list of some interesting Hawaiian names and their meanings. These are names that are suitable for male dogs:

Name Meaning
Akama smart
Alemana warrior
Amoka strong
Asera lucky
Edega wealthy
Eneki eager
Eno wild
Etana strong
Ikaika powerful
Kalani royal
Kale strong
Kalei the garland
Kana Maui demigod
Kapono goodness
Keanu cool mountain breeze
Liko bud
Malo winner
Meka eyes
Miki active
Noa freedom

Names for Female Dogs

True to the gentle nature of your dog and some names with feminine sounds and meanings, here is a list of Hawaiian names for female dogs to choose from:

Name Meaning
Akama smart
Akela wisdom
Aliikai queen of the sea
Dorit from the name Doris
Edina form of Edna
Ewalani heavenly woman
Halia fond memory
Hanai lucky
Hula a Hawaiian dance
Ipo sweetheart
Kahili feather
Kaila stylish
Kalea bright
Laka gentle
Lelele friendly
Makenna gift of god
Miliani gentle caress
Nan beautiful
Neolani mist of Heaven
Olina joyous

Hawaiian Names Based on Elements of Nature

The name of Hawaii paints a beautiful picture of nature at her very best. With mountains, blue skies, the sea, rich aquatic life, the colorful flowers and birds, there are numerous options for dog names. Just choose the right name for your dog from the following that reflects its spirit in the right sense
  • Mahina- moon
  • La- sun
  • Manu- bird
  • Pua- flower
  • Hoku- star
  • Kai- sea
  • Lupo- wolf
  • Kumu- tree
  • Lani- sky
  • Lau- leaf
  • Anuenue- rainbow
  • Ua- rain
Hawaiian Names Based on Food Elements

And what about the delicacies of Hawaii?The fresh fruits and vegetables, the juices and various drinks! Won't it just be right to select some name from the Hawaiin language for your dog? Here is a list of some sweet names that would serve great as Hawaiian puppy names:
  • Alani- orange
  • Apala- apple
  • Haukalima- ice cream
  • Kaloke- carrot
  • Ki- tea
  • Kokoleka- chocolate
  • Kopa'a- sugar
  • Kope- coffee
  • Lemi- lemon
  • Mai'a- banana
  • Mea'ono- cookie
  • Meli- honey
  • Niu- coconut
  • Pea- pea
  • Waiu- milk
  • Waiupaka- butter
So what are you waiting for? With this list of Hawaiian names, you have a wide range of choice to give your pet a Hawaiian feel (read name).
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Siberian Husky Facts


Siberian husky, as the name suggests, is a breed of sled-dogs that originated in north-eastern Siberia, first bred by the Chukchi tribe of northeastern Asia. They were first introduced to Alaska and then, to America and Canada. The huskies are known for a number of distinct physical features as well as behavioral traits; the most noteworthy being their hyperactive display. It is a dog that is used to herd reindeer. This dog breed exhibits tremendous stamina and has shown great resilience in surviving harsh winter conditions, during their evolution as sled-dogs. They are still famous in sled dog racing. Let's quickly go over the Siberian husky facts.

This breed is categorized under the Spitz genetic family. With a distinguishing double coat, distinctive color patterns and triangular ears, the dog is easily recognizable as a sled-breed husky. It is known to withstand severe cold temperatures between -50 degrees Celsius and -60 degrees Celsius, with special adaptation such as thick, inner coat and hair between their toes that help them keep warm. The color of the coat as well as the eyes and the nose vary between the dogs, with common patterns being red and white, brown, silver and black and white. Huskies may exhibit partial or complete heterochromia, a condition wherein the irises in both their eyes are not the same color. Usual eye colors vary from dark blue to light blue, amber and brown. A kennel and large area with fencing are the best places to keep huskies.

Interesting Facts
  • Siberian huskies have starred in Disney films Snow Dogs and Iron Will.
  • They have a warm temperament and cordial nature, compared to the Northern breeds.
  • They can be easily distinguished by the sound of the howl, rather than the sound of a bark. They love to husky talk in a very slow manner.
  • Their weight ranges from 35-60 lbs and their height is 20-23 inches.
  • They have a life span of 12-15 years, that means they can be very good companions.
  • They love to play with small animals, but also get bored easily.
  • They prefer cleanliness and hygiene and keep themselves away from usual doggy smell.
  • They are fast runners and they love cold weather.
  • Shedding of the husky is commonly called blowing a 'coat', their body is covered with plenty of fur to withstand sub-zero temperature.
  • They do not like to be isolated, as loneliness for them is displaying unusual behavior.
  • The most popular racing dog in this category is the Alaskan Husky.
  • They are prone to diseases like eye infections, gastric diseases and bronchitis.
  • During diphtheria epidemic in 1925, in Nome, Alaska, these dogs were used to bring medicines. In memory, a statue has been erected of the husky in Central Park, USA.
Other than the hyperactivity that is common to this breed, they are attention-seekers. They need constant monitoring. People owning huskies as pets, need to be aware of their continuous need for exercise. A husky owner must be able to make the dog exercise daily, in order to maintain its health. A very noticeable trait that is unique to the huskies is its need to run about, thus requiring it to be kept confined or leashed almost always. Husky as a pet, may be described as intelligent and affectionate, with a very playful attitude. However, training a husky requires lot of patience, as the dog will ignore commands with a slightest excuse.
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Top 10 Dog Breeds

Beagle dog traits
Regardless of their size, temperament, intelligence, behavior, or any other factors, there are many people who enjoy having a dog as a part of their family. Truly, dogs provide companionship for not just adults, but children as well. However, there are certain dog breeds which are considered as unsafe around small children; they may intentionally or accidentally harm them. It's not the dogs or a certain breed that's dangerous or looked upon as unsafe for kids. The reason why some breeds are feared so is because the past trainers have used these dogs that way. Instead of training and breeding the dogs to become more friendly to other people and animals, they are taught to fight amongst one another and even hurt others physically. So, if you're wondering which are the top breeds for families (and which you should steer clear of), then read the rest of the article for more information.

Best Breeds for Children and Families

If you are a dog lover, then you may already have a list of best breeds for families with kids. But before you make the addition to your family, perhaps you'd like to take a look at the top 10 dog breeds mentioned below, who are considered "best" for families with children.

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

While choosing a dog for family, the first obvious choice is a Golden Retriever. They make good family dogs because of their loyalty, friendliness, and protective nature towards children and family (if they are in any danger). They are medium-sized dogs, need proper care and nutrition, should be given plenty of physical activities, and kept in safe environment.

Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever

Another Retriever breed, which is a popular choice by families is, the Labrador Retriever. They adjust well in almost any type of homes, have a laid-back attitude, get along with other dogs and pets in the house, and are loyal towards their owners (although they are picky eaters). This breed can get relatively large. They require constant love, care, and attention, good physical activity on a regular basis, and be given a well-balanced diet.

Pug

Pug

Unlike other "toy" breeds, Pugs are very affectionate, friendly, and don't become nervous around people. A plus point about Pugs is that they are low in maintenance and don't need excessive grooming or exercising. Pugs aren't aggressive and that's what makes them a good addition in families.

Irish Setter

Irish Setter

Originally used as a hunting dog, like Golden Retrievers, Irish Setters are now bred as family dogs. These dogs are very accommodating, love to please people, and are easy to train. They are not at all aggressive as they greet guests enthusiastically, are affectionate towards people, have an active nature, and are extremely intelligent. However, enough physical activity is required or else they tend to get bored and lazy.

Beagle

Beagle

Personally, I think that Beagles are one of the cutest breeds ever. Although it isn't widely popular as a family dog, they are incredibly active, love to be out a lot to play, and make amazing companions. The only downside to this sweet breed is that they like to chew on things; so you need to spend more time on their training. You require to give them adequate physical activities in order to keep their weight under control.

Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd

Used as ranch or herding dogs, Australian Shepherds are medium-sized and make great family dogs. They are loyal, loving, caring, smart, affectionate, and easy to train. They are highly active and hate being idle. So, if you're planning on getting an Australian Shepherd, be ready to give the dog lots of love, affection, and attention.

Basset Hound

Basset Hound

Basset Hounds are large, long, strong, and short in appearance. Their long backs and floppy ears are just adorable. Although stubborn by nature, Basset Hounds are very gentle and sweet towards children. They are highly intelligent, energetic, calm around children, and are rarely nervous or aggressive. Don't the sad, droopy eyes make you want to kiss them all over!

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise

In French, Bichon Frise means "curly white lap dog". Their white, fluffy, ball-like fur makes these happy-go-lucky dogs, one of our top breeds for any home. Bichon Frise are faithful, obedient, cheerful, gentle, sensitive, playful, and affectionate dogs. They make amazing companion dogs, and get along with children and other animals or pets.

Border Collie

Border Collie

A herding breed, Border Collies make perfect family dogs. They have incredible hearing and eyesight. They are smart, energetic, and live longer than most dogs of the same size. These medium-sized dogs need daily physical exercise or else they end up digging holes or chewing things around the house.

Bulldog

Bulldog

They snore, they snort, and they are stubborn. Bulldogs are very gentle and make incredibly loyal pets. They are known to adjust well with the kids and other animals or pets. They don't need much exercise (but make sure they don't become obese), friendly, social, and sometimes willful. They truly make amazing house pets.

Breeds that Require Proper Training as House Pets

Every dog has its own set of personality traits and temperament. These two elements are a product of their breeding, training, and environment they are raised in. There is no such concept as "bad breeds" in the world. The fact is that all breeds, when provoked or egged, become aggressive and often bite. Take a look at the ten breeds, in no particular order, that require (more) proper training, grooming, and breeding environment in order to become house pets.

Pit Bull

Pit Bull

Pit Bulls are sweet and confident dogs that require proper training from responsible owners. They are affectionate yet dependent dogs who should be given adquate physical activity on a regular basis. Often times, this breed has been put in a bad light by media. However, that isn't the case. Pit Bulls are people-oriented that need care, affection, and proper training. If an owner trains it to become a guard dog, it can make them aggressive towards people.

Rottweiler

Rottweiler

Aggressive by nature, Rottweilers have keen territorial instincts. This is the reason some people use Rottweilers as guard dogs. Once they begin to trust you, then there's nothing to worry about. However, Rottweilers are known to attack their owners as well (for various reasons).

German Shepherd

German Shepherd

They are fast, intelligent, alert, fearless, and confident dogs. Which is why, German Shepherds are highly selected by local authorities like police K-9 unit. Some people do opt for German Shepherds as pets, but that decision will depend entirely on you.

Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

Most often used as a sled dog, Siberian Husky is highly active and playful. They have a high prey drive and strong-willed temperament, which means they are not suitable for families with small children (they easily make a mistake of thinking small children who run or squeal as prey).

Alaskan Malamute

Alaskan Malamute

These wolf-like dogs are true pack animals that have a natural instinct to lead or be led. If not trained properly, Alaskan Malamutes can turn incredibly aggressive, if forced to become submissive. They are powerful, muscular, and extremely athletic dogs with high prey drive.

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

Aggressive when provoked, Doberman Pinscher makes a great guard dog. They are alert intelligent and loyal, which is why a pet Doberman will attack only if it thinks that its property or the family it stays with is in any kind of danger.

Presa Canario

Presa Canario

These dogs are often bred as guards and fight with the cattle. Any kind of attack by the dog to humans or other animals is thought to be "hopeless for the victim". Presa Canarios can literally stop a man, have incredible power, and are unbelievably fearless.

Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog

According to the New Zealand Kennel Club, Old English Sheepdogs can often times become couch potatoes and may herd kids by slightly bumping into them. Known to be a perfect breed for rural surroundings, Old English Sheepdogs require a lot of exercise and training, and hence, if all the requirements are not met, this breed won't make a good house pet in suburban surroundings. It is the owner's responsibility to train it properly.

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russells are known as working terriers due to their agile, high-energy, and athletic nature. Proper training and obedience is required for Jack Russells so that they don't become stubborn and/or aggressive towards other animals and humans. The reason Jack Russells don't make good house pets is because they require loads of exercise and stimulation. So if the owner is not ready to take this responsibility, avoid considering Jack Russells as house pets.

There you have it folks, the best breeds in the U.S. and around the world. Perhaps the information provided in the article can help you make a better judgment, and make the decision on which breed to choose from as an addition to your family. A dog, or any other pet for that matter, gives you an opportunity to be responsible for someone else's life, apart from yours. So be extra careful and be the best pet owner there ever was.
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Siberian Husky Diet


Did You Know?
Meat is a very essential component in a canine's diet, and it has to be included along with limited amounts of healthy greens and fruit.Siberian Huskies, like any other dog, need their nutrition in one wholesome meal, given over the course of a day to ensure that he/she grows up in the right way, and lives out a healthy life. A lot of companies say that their food is good for dogs, with many claiming to be the best in their brand of dog food. How much do we know about dog food, to deem it as healthy and beneficial for a dog?

What Should a Siberian Husky Diet Contain?

A Siberian Husky requires important elements like linoleic, linolenic and oleic acid, where you need to go easy on carbohydrates, and concentrate more on the aforementioned fatty acids. Foods that work well for a Siberian Husky include:
  • Beet pulp
  • Lean meat sources
  • Horse meat
  • Corn
  • Beef
  • Avocado
  • Soy
Preservatives used most commonly in dog or other pet food are BHT and BHA which cause health problems like kidney/liver dysfunction and some forms of cancer. Dogs weren't designed to digest foods rich in fiber (since most dog foods are rich fiber-based meals), because of their digestive tract structure which was made solely for digesting meat more than anything else. Dog food should contain the following key ingredients.
  • Meat rich foods with minimal use of vegetables and fruit
  • Doggy treats including whole grain eatables given on rare occasions
  • Supplements from vets to make sure they get their vital vitamins and minerals in case of the lack of it
  • Homemade dog recipes using fresh ingredients from scratch
  • Whole milk that is organic in nature, including foods that aren't stuffed with preservatives
  • Clean drinking water
  • USDA approved dog food
Canned food, packaged treats and the works, shouldn't be your prime diet concern when it comes to your Siberian Husky. It is shocking to uncover that grains and cereal which are rejected by inspecting companies because they are harmful to humans, make their way into dog food instead. Meat, in the same way when rejected for approval-giving companies, makes its way into dog food where they've either been infected or dead-before-slaughter. How would you feel if someone told you that you were eating meat that was from a diseased carcass and not a healthy animal that was killed before consumption?

The antibiotics and growth hormones used on animals affect not just us humans, but pets too. That's why it is important to make sure that food is organic and tested thoroughly by a company. It is always mentioned on packaged foods that it has been USDA inspected, and if not, then most probably should be used with caution.

Beware of dog foods that carry labels like by-products, and meat and bone meal, since companies throw in parts like the lungs, intestines, bones and even blood of carcasses. This happens because when the animal is slaughtered for human consumption, there is a large part of the carcass left off, that companies see as going to waste, so they include these in dog and other animal food products. Always look behind at the table of contents/ingredients of your dog food package, to spot any glitches in the list that may come off as suspicious, or dangerous for your pet.

The Truth About Commercial Kibble

Many people feed their dogs packaged kibbles or canned food, without worrying about the effects, since companies drill into consumers' minds that it is nutritional for their pets. A lot of pets like dogs and cats live longer than their limited years, because they were fed the right foods. Animals were never fed processed eatables, and neither were we. Now that we have the markets clogged with preservative ridden packaged goods, with many coming up recently with organic eats, it is no wonder why we struggle to stay fit and healthy today. We should take advantage of what is introduced in the market today, as fresh, healthy, and nutritional.

Dogs similarly, cannot eat anything that is given to them just because a dog food company claims to make the healthiest of dog eats. The truth here is that dogs, or any other pet for that matter, have to eat fresh food that we humans eat as well, made from scratch and entirely organic without being altered by humans, with very less of its packaged counterpart, served.You have to feed them food that you would put into your mouth, that are all-natural and healthy to eat, and choosing dog food from a company that is both reliable, and genuine in its claims.

Health Problems from Manufactured Dog Food

A diet that only contains packaged food is of no good to your dog. You have to give manufactured dog food in minimal amounts, and concentrate more on healthy eatables that are freshly made and prepared by hand. The effects your dog can undergo from a badly put-together diet plan are -
  • Loose stools
  • Dandruff problems
  • Foot licking
  • Hot spots
  • Gas
  • Excessive shedding
  • Face rubbing
  • Itchy troubles
The diet of a Siberian Husky needs to contain foods that are rich and abundant in healthy ingredients. We humans cannot live alone on packaged and canned food, and similarly neither can pets.
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Siberian Husky Names


When you get a dog for the first time, you have a difficult time in giving it a good name. You want something that will suit its personality, something that you will all love to use while calling it, something that your dog is going to love. Just like we humans want a name that we love using, dogs too want a name that they will love to respond to. If you have got a Siberian husky, the domesticated wolf dog, and cannot come up with some real good names for it, then here are some popular Siberian husky names which will help you choose a name for your best friend. Also given are the meanings which will help you to choose a name that suits your dog's personality.

Siberian Husky Facts

These dogs are a descendant of the Spitz family. They are sled dogs and mainly belong to the north eastern part of Siberia. These dogs are popular for their distinct physical features and dog behavior. These dogs can survive the harsh winters and they were also used earlier to herd the reindeer. Their double coat helps them to resist the harsh winters when the temperature goes to -50 to -60 degrees centigrade. These dogs, you will be surprised to know, do not bark; rather they howl and unlike other dogs they prefer a proper hygienic place to stay in and they stay away from the 'doggy smell'. Like any other dogs, they hate being left all alone and if they are left alone, they express their dissatisfaction in various peculiar manners. You have to take proper care of them otherwise they might suffer from various dog health problems like eye infection or maybe worms or even bronchitis. These dogs are also the most popular racing dogs and one of their best type is the Alaskan husky. Now that you know about the Siberian husky, let us check out some of the Siberian husky dog names.

Names and Meanings

Given below are some names as well as their meanings which will help you to choose a name for your pet (names for both male and female dogs are given).

Male Names Meaning Female Names Meaning
Andrej Andrews in English Aneko In Japanese it means 'older sister'
Malakai Angel or messenger of God Mana Power or authority
Maverick Independent in taking their own decisions Meeka Beautiful fragrance
Archie Cute and funny just like the comic character Midna Derived from the word midnight
Bear - Maya Sweet and brave
Blu If your dog has blue eyes you can call it by this name Nadia Hope
Blizzard - Nikki Short for Nikita
Chinook Name your dog after the warm dry wind Chylo -
Comet Fast Raven Black in color and fast
Rage Rough and tough Amable Kind in Spanish
Adonis Youth Agatha Impeccable virtue
Admiral Commander Agni God of Fire in Hindu mythology
Harley - Haley Remember the comet?
Dakota Friends Juno -
Simba Lion Sasha Helpmate
Walter Mighty warrior Desdemona Heroine from Shakespeare's play Othello
Schuster Cobbler Saphira Eyes like the sapphire
Loki Mischievous Keiko Blessed one
Silver Depending upon the color Grizzly -

If these names are not enough, then here are some more names which you can use, to name your dogs.
  • Ada
  • Alpha
  • Avalanche
  • Earthquake
  • Flame
  • Frosty
  • Hunter
  • Hurricane
  • Jasmine
  • Lupin
  • Misty
  • Moonbeam
  • Natalie
  • Okami
  • Rambo
  • Rebel
  • Rusty
  • Sampson
  • Tahoe
  • Tara
  • Tegan
  • Tikani
  • Vega
  • Windy
  • Zaria
  • Zorro
You can also gather more information about the miniature Siberian husky. Keeping a Siberian husky as a pet is simple; all they need is proper dog care, food, proper exercise and of course you and your love.
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Excessive Panting in Dogs


You must have noticed that after a walk, exercising or during warm and hot climates, your dog starts panting. This is the dog's personal cooling mechanism that keeps the body temperature from shooting up to detrimental levels. Dogs don't sweat, they pant. The rapid breathing lets in large amounts of air that comes in contact with the mucous membranes of the mouth and the respiratory tract. This causes the moisture along these areas to evaporate and this helps lower the body temperature of the dog. If you notice heavy panting in a dog, who hasn't indulged in any physical activity, exposure to heat, anxiety or any other activity or event that may lead to panting, then you need to become more cautious regarding your dog's health.

Causes of Excessive Panting in Dogs
If there are no observed causes that may be triggering excessive panting in the dog, then you should become alert, regarding the underlying dog health problems. The causes of this breathing disorder may include:
  • Heart Problems: Cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, heart murmurs, heartworms, are some serious heart disorders in dogs, that may lead to excessive panting. Watch out for other signs like breathing trouble, lethargy, coughing spells, etc. which may be a symptom for these underlying causes.
  • Hematologic Problems: Blood diseases such as anemia and carbon monoxide poisoning may be the reason behind excessive panting in your dog.
  • Respiratory Problems: Upper respiratory tract infections or complications lead to blockage of the nasal passages of the dog. In order to breathe in more oxygen, you may find a dog pant excessively. The dog may also have extra growths that develop in the nose or the back of the throat. Or a collapsed trachea may be the reason behind an excessive panting dog. Lower respiratory tract complications such as lung disorders can be one of the reason triggering heavy panting in the dog. Fluid or gas filling up in the lungs or development of abnormal masses may also cause panting in dogs.
  • Hormone Issues: Hypothyroidism may cause excessive panting. Cushing's disease may develop in dogs that are on long-term steroid medications. You should look out for pot belly and distinctive panting periods to underline this cause.
  • Bleeding Problem: Another cause other than anemia may be bleeding. This bleeding may be internal therefore, unnoticed by the owner. Pale gums are an indication of anemia.
  • Pain: Dogs tend to pant when in pain. It is difficult to find the source of pain as it may be an upset stomach or joint pain due to arthritis in older dogs.
  • Overheating: Excessive sun exposure may cause the dog to undergo hyperthermia, that is, heat stroke. Examine the gums of the dog and if they appear dark red, then it indicates hyperthermia. A high rectal temperature is observed in these dogs and you should immediately cool them off in a cool water tub. You should take care that the dog is getting wet near the belly region and inner sides of legs. After cooling down the dog, take him to the vet immediately.
  • Fever: A rectal temperature of over 102.5 degrees indicates fever in dogs. You need to apply cool sponges on the paws, abdomen and armpits to help cool the dog. Follow all the instructions given by the vet to take care of your pet's health.
  • Poisoning: Dogs tend to chew on things they find interesting. They may eat up something out of a garbage can or chew on a toxic plant. This and plenty of other causes may lead to poisoning in dogs. If you observe excessive panting along with drooling, convulsions, vomiting, sudden weakness in dogs, it is time you run to the veterinarian with your dog.
Dog Breeds Predisposed Towards Excessive Panting

Before you start to panic regarding excessive panting in dogs, keep in mind that an obese dog may pant a lot. This is due to the tendency of their body to over heat. Dogs of different breeds that come under the brachycephalic dog breeds. This means that they have short nasal passages and pushed-in face structure, that causes them to pant more and overheat. These breeds include:
  • Affenpinscher
  • American Bulldog
  • Boston Terrier
  • Boxer
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Bulldog
  • Bullmastiff
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Cane Corso
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Dogue de Bordeaux
  • English Toy Spaniel
  • French Bulldog
  • Japanese Chin
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Neapolitan Mastiff
  • Pekingese
  • Presa Canario
  • Pug
  • Rottweiler
  • Shar-Pei
  • Shih Tzu
  • Tibetan Spaniel
  • Valley Bulldog
  • Chow Chow
Thus, if you have a pet dog that is obese or one of the above breed types, don't worry, because they are more prone to excessive panting. Female dogs tend to pant a lot after giving birth to puppies due to contraction of her uterus for a few weeks. This contraction is to stimulate lactation, that is, milk production. Once you rule out the above possibilities then you may look out for the following causes of excessive panting in dogs. However, even if a dish dog breed does pant excessively, apart from what you term as normal, then it is better to visit the vet for an evaluation.

These are a few reasons that may be the cause of excessive panting in dogs. Be prompt in recognizing these tell-tale signs of underlying dog illnesses, to give your dog prompt medical attention. There may also be some other reasons that may be leading to an excessive panting dog. Thus, always consult a vet to clear out all your doubts. Proper love, attention and care leads to a happy, healthy and active dog.
Read More..

List of Different Types of Dogs with Pictures


While there are approximately more than 400 types of dogs currently, not all are pure breeds. Some are mixes of 2 or more breeds, making them mix-breeds. Depending on the work that a dog was bred for, characteristics from two or more dogs were chosen and combined to form a new, specialized breed. Then this breed had to be selectively bred and developed for many generations before it would formally be recognized as a PURE breed. Confirming to this, many breeds have been developed since selective breeding started centuries ago. These breeds were then classified into categories depending on their work, and thus came into existence the 7 main categories into which these breeds were classified -
  1. Herding Group
  2. Hound Group
  3. Sporting Group
  4. Working Group
  5. Terrier Group
  6. Toy Group
  7. Non-sporting Group
Dogs which did not fit into any of these specific groups, or those which could not be classified, were placed into two other categories -
  • Miscellaneous Class
  • Foundation Stock Service Breeds
This Buzzle article introduces these 7 groups to you, as well as a few of the FSS breeds.

Dog Breeds with Pictures
Herding Group
Earlier part of the working group, these herders were very recently appointed a group of their own. They are very intelligent breeds with an innate instinct for herding and protecting, making them excellent as guard dogs and cattle herders. Eager to learn and please, they are a delight to train, and are very loving companions. They make excellent pets and can also be used as therapy dogs, police dogs and guide dogs (prime example being the German Shepherd). These breeds are brimming with energy and require daily exercise, which is why they do not do very well in small spaces. But they are wonderful pets for committed and experienced owners.

Australian Cattle Dog


Height
Male- 18-20 in
Female - 17-19 in

Weight
44-62 lbs

Lifespan
10-16 years

Country of Origin
AustraliaAustralian Shepherd


Height
Male- 20-23 in
Female - 18-21 in

Weight
Male - 50-65 lbs
Female - 30-45 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
United StatesBearded Collie


Height
Male - 21-22 in
Female - 20-22 in

Weight
40-60 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Beauceron


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 25-26 in

Weight
Male - 70-100 lbs
Female - 66-85 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
FranceBelgian Malinois


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 64-75 lbs
Female - 55-66 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
BelgiumBelgian Sheepdog


Height
Male - 23.6-26 in
Female - 22-24.4 in

Weight
Male - 55-66 lbs
Female - 44-55 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
Belgium
Belgian Tervuren


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 25-26 in

Weight
Male - 70-100 lbs
Female - 66-85 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
FranceBorder Collie


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 64-75 lbs
Female - 55-66 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
BelgiumBouvier des Flandres


Height
Male - 23-28 in
Female - 22-27 in

Weight
Male - 80-120 lbs
Female - 60-80 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
Belgium
Briard


Height
Male - 24-27 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 66-88 lbs
Female - 55-77 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
FranceCardigan Welsh Corgi


Height
Male - 10-14 in
Female - 10-13 in

Weight
Male - 30-38 lbs
Female - 25-34 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
WalesCollie


Height
Male - 22-26 in
Female - 21-26 in

Weight
Male - 45-75 lbs
Female - 35-65 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Entlebucher Mountain Dog


Height
Male - 19-21 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
45-65 lbs

Lifespan
11-16 years

Country of Origin
SwitzerlandFinnish Lapphund


Height
Male - 18-20 in
Female - 16-19 in

Weight
Male - 37-42 lbs
Female - 33 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
FinlandGerman Shepherd Dog


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 66-88 lbs
Female - 49-71 lbs

Lifespan
9-13 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Old English Sheepdog


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
80-100 lbs

Lifespan
8-12 years

Country of Origin
EnglandPembroke Welsh Corgi


Height
Male - 10-12 in
Female - 10-11 in

Weight
Male - 25-30 lbs
Female - 23-28 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
WalesPolish Lowland Sheepdog


Height
Male - 18-20 in
Female - 17-19 in

Weight
Male - 40-50 lbs
Female - 30-40 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Poland
Puli


Height
Male - 17 in
Female - 16-16.5 in

Weight
Male - 25-28 lbs
Female - 23-25 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
HungaryPyrenean Shepherd


Height
Male - 15.5-21 in
Female - 15.5-21.5 in

Weight
15-32 lbs

Lifespan
15-18 years

Country of Origin
France/SpainShetland Sheepdog


Height
Male - 13-16 in
Female - 12-16 in

Weight
16-20 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Swedish Vallhund


Height
Male - 12.5-13 in
Female - 12-12.5 in

Weight
19.8-30.8 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Sweden
The other dogs included in this group are listed below:
  • Canaan Dog
  • Icelandic Sheepdog
  • Norwegian Buhund
Back to Top
Hound Group
The hound group has been developed over hundreds of years to assist man in hunting for food and sport. Few of the members of this group have an extremely sharp and developed vision and are known as 'sight hounds' or 'gaze hounds'. Others have a very acute sense of smell, and they can follow even the mildest of scents for miles. They are often called 'scent hounds'. All hounds have incredible stamina, can tirelessly run for long distances and are some of the fastest dogs. Swift and agile, these beautiful dogs display a single-mindedness when it comes to hunting or running, and are gentle, considerate and wonderful companions to humans.

Afghan Hound


Height
Male - 24-29 in
Female - 24-29 in

Weight
Male - 45-60 lbs
Female - 45-60 lbs

Lifespan
11-13 years

Country of Origin
Afghanistan, Iran, PakistanAmerican English Coonhound


Height
Male - 22-27 in
Female - 21-25 in

Weight
Male - 40.1-65 lbs
Female - 40.1-65 lbs

Lifespan
11-12 years

Country of Origin
United StatesAmerican Foxhound


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 63.9-75 lbs
Female - 44.1-63.9 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
United States
Basenji


Height
Male - 16-17 in
Female - 15-16 in

Weight
Male - 22-26.5 lbs
Female - 19.8-24.3 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Democratic Republic of the CongoBasset Hound


Height
Male - 12-15 in
Female - 11-14 in

Weight
Male - 55-75 lbs
Female - 45-65 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Great Britain, FranceBeagle


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 13-15 in

Weight
Male - 22-25 lbs
Female - 20-23 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Great Britain
Bloodhound


Height
Male - 25-27 in
Female - 23-25 in

Weight
Male - 89.9-110 lbs
Female - 80-100.1 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Belgium, England, France, ScotlandBorzoi


Height
Male - 30 in
Female - 26 in

Weight
Male - 75-103.6 lbs
Female - 55.1-88.2 lbs

Lifespan
7-10 years

Country of Origin
Belarus, RussiaDachshund


Height
Male - 8-9 in
Female - 7-9 in

Weight
16-32 lbs

Lifespan
14-17 years

Country of Origin
Germany
English Foxhound


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 60-75 lbs
Female - 54.9-70.1 lbs

Lifespan
10-13 years

Country of Origin
Great BritainGreyhound


Height
Male - 28-30 in
Female - 27-28 in

Weight
Male - 60-88 lbs
Female - 60-75 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
EnglandIbizan Hound


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 24-26 in

Weight
Male - 45-65 lbs
Female - 45-65 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Spain
Irish Wolfhound


Height
Male - 30-35 in
Female - 30-34 in

Weight
Male - 90-150 lbs
Female - 90-140 lbs

Lifespan
6-10 years

Country of Origin
IrelandNorwegian Elkhound


Height
Male - 19-21 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
50-60 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
NorwayBasset Griffon Venden


Height
Male - 13-15 in
Female - 132-14 in

Weight
24-42 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
France
Pharaoh Hound


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 39.7-59.5 lbs
Female - 39.7-59.5 lbs

Lifespan
11-14 years

Country of Origin
MaltaRhodesian Ridgeback


Height
Male - 25-27 in
Female - 24-26 in

Weight
Male - 79.4-90.4 lbs
Female - 63.9-75 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
RhodesiaSaluki


Height
Male - 23-28 in
Female - 22-26 in

Weight
40-60 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Egypt
Scottish Deerhound


Height
Male - 30-32 in
Female - 28-30 in

Weight
Male - 85-110 lbs
Female - 75-95 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
ScotlandWhippet


Height
Male - 19-22 in
Female - 18-21 in

Weight
15-30 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
England
The other dogs included in this group are listed below:
  • Black and Tan Coonhound
  • Bluetick Coonhound
  • Harrier
  • Otterhound
  • Plott
  • Redbone Coonhound
  • Treeing Walker Coonhound
Back to Top
Sporting Group
Sporting dogs make excellent companions for people who have active lifestyles. The breeds in this group are full of energy and enthusiasm and need a considerable amount of exercise on a daily basis. All the pointers, retrievers, setters and spaniels are included in this group. Alert, lovable and brimming with energy, these breeds make wonderful companions for life.

American Water Spaniel


Height
Male - 15-18 in
Female - 15-18 in

Weight
Male - 24.9-39.9 lbs
Female - 30-45 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
United StatesBoykin Spaniel


Height
Male - 16-18 in
Female - 14-16 in

Weight
Male - 30-39.9 lbs
Female - 24.9-35.1 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
United StatesBrittany Spaniel


Height
Male - 19-20 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 30-40.1 lbs
Female - 30-40.1 lbs

Lifespan
14-15 years

Country of Origin
France
Chesapeake Bay Retriever


Height
Male - 23-26 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 65-80.5 lbs
Female - 55.1-70.5 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
United StatesCocker Spaniel


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 14-15 in

Weight
Male - 15.4-30.9 lbs
Female - 15.4-30.9 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
United StatesCurly Coated Retriever


Height
Male - 25-27 in
Female - 23-25 in

Weight
Male - 70.1-90.2 lbs
Female - 50-70.1 lbs

Lifespan
9-14 years

Country of Origin
England
English Cocker Spaniel


Height
Male - 15-16 in
Female - 14-15 in

Weight
Male - 28.7-33.1 lbs
Female - 26.5-33.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
EnglandEnglish Setter


Height
Male - 24-27 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 55.1-79.4 lbs
Female - 44.1-70.5 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
EnglandEnglish Springer Spaniel


Height
Male - 19-22 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 45-55.1 lbs
Female - 39.9-50 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
England
Field Spaniel


Height
Male - 17-18 in
Female - 16-17 in

Weight
40-55 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
EnglandFlat-coated Retriever


Height
Male - 23-24 in
Female - 22-23 in

Weight
Male - 59.5-79.4 lbs
Female - 55.1-70.5 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
United KingdomGerman Shorthaired Pointer


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 23-25 in

Weight
Male - 54.9-70.1 lbs
Female - 45-60 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Germany
German Wirehaired Pointer


Height
Male - 24-27 in
Female - 22-25 in

Weight
Male - 59.5-70.5 lbs
Female - 59.5-70.5 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
GermanyGolden Retriever


Height
Male - 23-24 in
Female - 21-23 in

Weight
Male - 65-75 lbs
Female - 54.9-65 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
ScotlandGordon Setter


Height
Male - 24-27 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 55.1-80.2 lbs
Female - 45.2-70.1 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Irish Red and White Setter


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 55.1-75 lbs
Female - 55.1-75 lbs

Lifespan
10-13 years

Country of Origin
IrelandIrish Setter


Height
Male - 23-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 59.5-70.5 lbs
Female - 52.9-63.9 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
IrelandLabrador Retriever


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 59.5-88.2 lbs
Female - 59.5-77.2 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Canada
Duck Tolling Retriever


Height
Male - 18-21 in
Female - 17-20 in

Weight
Male - 44.1-50.7 lbs
Female - 37.5-44.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
CanadaEnglish Pointer


Height
Male - 22-28 in
Female - 21-26 in

Weight
Male - 39.7-75 lbs
Female -35.3-66.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
EnglandSpinone Italiano


Height
Male - 24-28 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 75-86 lbs
Female - 63.9-75 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Italy
Vizsla


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 44.1-63.9 lbs
Female - 39.7-55.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
HungaryWeimaraner


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 23-25 in

Weight
Male - 66.1-88.2 lbs
Female - 55.1-77.2 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
GermanyWelsh Springer Spaniel


Height
Male - 18-19 in
Female - 17-18 in

Weight
Male - 39.7-44.1 lbs
Female - 35.3-44.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Wales
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon


Height
Male - 22-24 in
Female - 20-22 in

Weight
Male - 50.7-59.5 lbs
Female - 50.7-59.5 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Germany
The other dogs included in this group are listed below:
  • Clumber Spaniel
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Sussex Spaniel
Back to Top
Working Group
Working dogs were selectively bred to assist man in jobs like rescues, guarding and pulling carts, carriages and sleds. In keeping with this profile, all working dogs are of formidable size and stature, and can be difficult to handle for first time dog owners, if they are not properly trained. These dogs are best suited for working rather than for being family pets, as not having work/purpose in life can lead to unhappiness and behavioral issues. But if they are given work and exercise, they are extremely loyal and dependable companions. All the breeds in this category are intelligent and hence easy to train, making them a pleasure to work with.

Akita


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 24-26 in

Weight
Male - 99.2-130.1 lbs
Female - 70.5-99.2 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
JapanAlaskan Malamute


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 22-24 in

Weight
Male - 79.4-94.8 lbs
Female - 70.5-83.8 lbs

Lifespan
13-16 years

Country of Origin
United StatesAnatolian Shepherd Dog


Height
Male - 29-32 in
Female - 28-31 in

Weight
Male - 110.2-143.3 lbs
Female - 88.2-121.3 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Turkey
Bernese Mountain Dog


Height
Male - 25-28 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 86-110.2 lbs
Female - 79.4-105.8 lbs

Lifespan
7-8 years

Country of Origin
SwitzerlandBlack Russian Terrier


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 25-28 in

Weight
Male - 100.1-149.9 lbs
Female - 80-130.1 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
RussiaBoxer


Height
Male - 22-25 in
Female - 21-24 in

Weight
Male - 66.1-70.5 lbs
Female - 55.1-59.5 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Bullmastiff


Height
Male - 25-27 in
Female - 24-26 in

Weight
Male - 110.2-130.1 lbs
Female - 99.2-119 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
EnglandCane Corso


Height
Male - 24-28 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 99.2-110.2 lbs
Female - 88.2-99.2 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
ItalyDoberman Pinscher


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 24-27 in

Weight
Male - 75-90.4 lbs
Female - 59.5-79.4 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Dogue de Bordeaux


Height
Male - 24-26 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 119.9-143.7 lbs
Female - 119.9-143.7 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
FranceGerman Pinscher


Height
Male - 17-20 in
Female - 16-20 in

Weight
25-45 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
GermanyGiant Schnauzer


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 59.5-79.4 lbs
Female - 55.1-75 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Great Dane


Height
Male - 30-34 in
Female - 28-32 in

Weight
Male - 119-198.4 lbs
Female - 99.2-130.1 lbs

Lifespan
6-8 years

Country of Origin
GermanyGreat Pyrenees


Height
Male - 28-32 in
Female - 26-29 in

Weight
Male - 110-119.9 lbs
Female - 80-89.9 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
France, SpainGreater Swiss Mountain Dog


Height
Male - 26-28 in
Female - 24-27 in

Weight
Male - 132.3-154.3 lbs
Female - 110.2-132.3 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Switzerland
Komondor


Height
Male - 28-30 in
Female - 25-27 in

Weight
Male - 80 lbs
Female - 70 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
HungaryLeonberger


Height
Male - 28-31 in
Female - 26-30 in

Weight
Male - 104.9-164.9 lbs
Female - 89.9-130.1 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
GermanyMastiff


Height
Male - 28-36 in
Female - 28-36 in

Weight
Male - 160.1-229.9 lbs
Female - 119.9-170 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
England
Neapolitan Mastiff


Height
Male - 25-30 in
Female - 23-28 in

Weight
Male - 132.3-154.3 lbs
Female - 110.2-132.3 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
ItalyNewfoundland


Height
Male - 27-29 in
Female - 25-27 in

Weight
Male - 132.3-154.3 lbs
Female - 99.2-121.3 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
Canada, EnglandPortuguese Water Dog


Height
Male - 20-22 in
Female - 17-20 in

Weight
Male - 42.1-60.2 lbs
Female - 35.1-50 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Portugal
Rottweiler


Height
Male - 24-27 in
Female - 22-25 in

Weight
Male - 110.2-132.3 lbs
Female - 77.2-105.8 lbs

Lifespan
9-11 years

Country of Origin
GermanySaint Bernard


Height
Male - 28-35 in
Female - 26-31 in

Weight
140-265 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
Italy, SwitzerlandSamoyed


Height
Male - 21-24 in
Female - 20-22 in

Weight
Male - 44.1-71.7 lbs
Female - 37.5-55.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Russia, Siberia
Siberian Husky


Height
Male - 21-24 in
Female - 20-22 in

Weight
Male - 45.2-61.7 lbs
Female - 34.2-50.7 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
RussiaStandard Schnauzer


Height
Male - 19-20 in
Female - 18-19 in

Weight
Male - 30.9-44.1 lbs
Female - 30.9-44.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
GermanyTibetan Mastiff


Height
Male - 26-30 in
Female - 24-28 in

Weight
Male - 100.1-160.1 lbs
Female - 75-119.9 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Tibet
The other dog included in this group is:
  • Chinook
Back to Top
Terrier Group
'Feisty' is the word that would best describe any terrier. 'Terrier' is derived from the Latin word meaning 'Earth', and these breeds are expert diggers. They were originally bred to hunt vermin and while they are no longer used for the same work, they still find it tedious to tolerate creatures other than themselves. They require a considerable amount of grooming to look their best. These spunky and energetic breeds are full of enthusiasm, and can charm even the most seasoned dog handlers. Spirited as they are, they need owners who can be stern when required and can match their zest and spunk.

Airedale Terrier


Height
Male - 23-24 in
Female - 22-23 in

Weight
Male - 50.7-63.9 lbs
Female - 39.7-44.1 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
United KingdomAmerican Staffordshire


Height
Male - 18-19 in
Female - 17-18 in

Weight
Male - 61.7-88.2 lbs
Female - 61.7-88.2 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
United Kingdom, United StatesAustralian Terrier


Height
Male - 9-11 in
Female - 9-11 in

Weight
Male - 14.1-16.1 lbs
Female - 14.1-16.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Australia
Bedlington Terrier


Height
Male - 16-18 in
Female - 15-17 in

Weight
Male - 17-23.1 lbs
Female - 17-23.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
EnglandBorder Terrier


Height
Male - 13-16 in
Female - 11-14 in

Weight
Male - 13-15.7 lbs
Female - 11.2-14.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
England, Scotland, United KingdomStandard Bull Terrier


Height
Male - 18-24 in
Female - 20-22 in

Weight
Male - 50-85 lbs
Female - 45-80 lbs

Lifespan
9-12 years

Country of Origin
England
Cairn Terrier


Height
Male - 10-13 in
Female - 9-12 in

Weight
Male - 13.2-17.6 lbs
Female - 13.2-17.6 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
ScotlandCesky Terrier


Height
Male - 11-12 in
Female - 10-11 in

Weight
12-24 lbs

Lifespan
10-15 years

Country of Origin
Czech RepublicDandie Dinmont Terrier


Height
Male - 8-11 in
Female - 8-11 in

Weight
18-24 lbs

Lifespan
11-14 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Glen of Imaal Terrier


Height
Male - 12-14 in
Female - 10-13 in

Weight
Male - 34-36 lbs
Female - 32-34 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
IrelandIrish Terrier


Height
Male - 18-20 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 25-27 lbs
Female - 24-26 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
IrelandKerry Blue Terrier


Height
Male - 18-20 in
Female - 17-19 in

Weight
Male - 33.1-39.7 lbs
Female - 33.1-39.7 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Ireland
Lakeland Terrier


Height
Male - 13-15 in
Female - 12-14 in

Weight
15-17 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
EnglandManchester Terrier


Height
Male - 15-16 in
Female - 15-16 in

Weight
12-22 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
EnglandMiniature Schnauzer


Height
Male - 12-14 in
Female - 12-14 in

Weight
Male - 11.9-20.1 lbs
Female - 11.9-18.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Norfolk Terrier


Height
Male - 9-11 in
Female - 9-10 in

Weight
10-12 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Great BritainNorwich Terrier


Height
Male - 9-10 in
Female - 8-10 in

Weight
Male - 11-12 lbs
Female - 10-12 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
United KingdomParson Russell Terrier


Height
Male - 13-15 in
Female - 2-14 in

Weight
Male - 13-17 lbs
Female - 12-17 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
England
Scottish Terrier


Height
Male - 9.5-10 in
Female - 9-10 in

Weight
Male - 19-22 lbs
Female - 18-21 lbs

Lifespan
10-13 years

Country of Origin
ScotlandSealyham Terrier


Height
Male - 12-13 in
Female - 11-12 in

Weight
Male - 20-21 lbs
Female - 19-20 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
WalesSkye Terrier


Height
Male - 9-10 in
Female - 8-9 in

Weight
Male - 35.3-39.7 lbs
Female - 25.4-30.9 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Scotland
Smooth Fox Terrier


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 13-15 in

Weight
Male - 15.4-19.8 lbs
Female - 13.2-17.6 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
EnglandSoft-coated Wheaten Terrier


Height
Male - 18-19 in
Female - 17-18 in

Weight
Male - 17-18 in
Female - 30-35.1 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
IrelandStaffordshire Bull Terrier


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 13-15 in

Weight
Male - 24.3-37.5 lbs
Female - 22-35.3 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
England
Welsh Terrier


Height
Male - 15-16 in
Female - 14-16 in

Weight
20-22 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
WalesWest Highland White Terrier


Height
Male - 10-12 in
Female - 9-11 in

Weight
Male - 15.4-22 lbs
Female - 13.2-15.4 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
ScotlandWire Fox Terrier


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 13-15 in

Weight
Male - 15.4-19.8 lbs
Female - 13.2-17.6 lbs

Lifespan
13-14 years

Country of Origin
England
The other dog included in this group is:
  • Miniature Bull Terrier
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Toy Group
The breeds in this group are best described as petite, but that is in contrast with their big personalities. These breeds make wonderful lapdogs and delightful companions. These breeds adapt well to apartment life, and are content with lounging on your lap at the end of the day, are happy with minimum exercise, and hence are ideal pets for people living in apartments. They also make some of the best therapy dogs since they are very cuddly and loving. If you want a dog but are apprehensive about getting a big breed that requires a lot of exercise and maintenance, and want a dog that you can snuggle with at the end of a long day, then these toy breeds are tailor-made for your requirements.

Affenpinscher


Height
Male - 9-12 in
Female - 8-11 in

Weight
Male - 6.5-13.2 lbs
Female - 6-13 lbs

Lifespan
11-14 years

Country of Origin
GermanyBrussels Griffon


Height
Male - 8-11 in
Female - 7-10 in

Weight
8-12 lbs

Lifespan
10-16 years

Country of Origin
BelgiumCavalier King Charles Spaniel


Height
Male - 12-13 in
Female - 12-13 in

Weight
13-18 lbs

Lifespan
9-14 years

Country of Origin
United Kingdom
Chihuahua


Height
Male - 6-10 in
Female - 5-9 in

Weight
4-10 lbs

Lifespan
15-20 years

Country of Origin
MexicoChinese Crested Dog


Height
Male - 11-13 in
Female - 9-12 in

Weight
8-13 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Africa, China, MexicoHavanese


Height
Male - 8-12 in
Female - 8-11.5 in

Weight
7-14 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Believed to be Cuba
Italian Greyhound


Height
Male - 13-15 in
Female - 12-15 in

Weight
8-20 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
ItalyJapanese Chin


Height
Male - 8-11 in
Female - 8-10 in

Weight
3-25 lbs

Lifespan
8-12 years

Country of Origin
China, JapanMaltese


Height
Male - 8-10 in
Female - 8-9 in

Weight
Male - 3-8 lbs
Female - 2-7 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Maalta
Miniature Pinscher


Height
Male - 10-12 in
Female - 10-11 in

Weight
Male - 8.8-11 lbs
Female - 7.7-8.8 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
GermanyPapillon


Height
Male - 8-11 in
Female - 8-10 in

Weight
Male - 8-10 lbs
Female - 7-9 lbs

Lifespan
16-18 years

Country of Origin
FrancePekingese


Height
Male - 7-9 in
Female - 6-8 in

Weight
7-14 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Cina
Pomeranian


Height
Male - 7-12 in
Female - 7-11 in

Weight
3-8 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
GermanyToy Poodle


Height
Male - 8-10 in
Female - 8-9 in

Weight
Male - 6-10 lbs
Female - 6-9 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
Germany, FrancePug


Height
Male - 12-14 in
Female - 10-12 in

Weight
Male - 13-20 lbs
Female - 12-18 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
China
Shih Tzu


Height
Male - 7.9-11 in
Female - 7.5-10.5 in

Weight
8.8-16.0 lbs

Lifespan
10-16 years

Country of Origin
ChinaSilky Terrier


Height
Male - 9-10 in
Female - 8-10 in

Weight
Male - 10-12 lbs
Female - 8-12 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
AustraliaToy Fox Terrier


Height
Male - 8.5-11.5 in
Female - 8-11 in

Weight
3-9 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
United States
Yorkshire Terrier


Height
Male - 6-7 in
Female - 5-7 in

Weight
Male - 6-8 lbs
Female - 5.5-8 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
England
The other dogs included in this group are listed below:
  • English Toy Spaniel/King Charles Spaniel
  • Miniature Manchester Terrier
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Non-sporting Group
This is a motley group. Some of the breeds included in this group are as different as chalk and cheese. There are no specifications regarding size, appearance, personality traits, exercise requirements, etc. Some of the breeds are uncommon while others are more common and popular. The breeds included vary in size as well as personality, but regardless of this, all are excellent as companions.

American Eskimo Dog


Height
Male - 15-20 in
Female - 15-20 in

Weight
18-35 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
GermanyBichon Frise


Height
Male - 9-12 in
Female - 9-11 in

Weight
Male - 6.6-11 lbs
Female - 6.6-11 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
Belgium, France, SpainBoston Terrier


Height
Male - 15-17 in
Female - 15-16 in

Weight
10-25 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
United States
Chinese Shar-Pei


Height
Male - 18-22 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 55-65 lbs
Female - 40-55 lbs

Lifespan
9-11 years

Country of Origin
ChinaChow Chow


Height
Male - 19-22 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 55.1-70.5 lbs
Female - 44.1-59.5 lbs

Lifespan
9-15 years

Country of Origin
ChinaDalmatian


Height
Male - 21-26 in
Female - 18-25 in

Weight
Male - 33.1-70.5 lbs
Female - 35.3-52.9 lbs

Lifespan
10-13 years

Country of Origin
Croatia
English Bulldog


Height
Male - 12-16 in
Female - 12-15 in

Weight
Male - 52.9-55.1 lbs
Female - 48.5-50.7 lbs

Lifespan
8-12 years

Country of Origin
EnglandFinnish Spitz


Height
Male - 17-20 in
Female - 15-18 in

Weight
Male - 26.5-28.7 lbs
Female - 15.4-22 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
FinlandFrench Bulldog


Height
Male - 11-13 in
Female - 10-12 in

Weight
18-28 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
England
Keeshond


Height
Male - 17-19 in
Female - 17-18 in

Weight
30-40 lbs

Lifespan
11-15 years

Country of Origin
NetherlandsLhasa Apso


Height
Male - 10-11 in
Female - 10-11 in

Weight
Male - 13.2-17.6 lbs
Female - 11-15.4 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
TibetLowchen


Height
Male - 12-14 in
Female - 11-13 in

Weight
Male - 12-18 lbs
Female - 10-15 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
France, Germany
Norwegian Lundehund


Height
Male - 13-15 in
Female - 12-14 in

Weight
13.2-19.8 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
NorwayStandard Poodle


Height
Male - 15-21 in
Female - 15-20 in

Weight
45-70 lbs

Lifespan
11-12 years

Country of Origin
France, GermanySchipperke


Height
Male - 11-13 in
Female - 10-12 in

Weight
6.6-19.8 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Belgium
Shiba Inu


Height
Male - 14.5-16.5 in
Female - 13.5-16 in

Weight
Male - 24-25 lbs
Female - 19-20 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
JapanTibetan Spaniel


Height
Male - 10-12 in
Female - 9-11 in

Weight
8-16 lbs

Lifespan
12-16 years

Country of Origin
TibetTibetan Terrier


Height
Male - 14-16 in
Female - 14-15 in

Weight
18-30 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Tibet
Xoloitzcuintli


Height
Male - 18-24 in
Female - 18-23 in

Weight
10-50 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
MexicoBack to Top
Foundation Stock Service Breeds
The breeds included in this group are not categorized into the other 7 groups by the AKC. But their records and breeding developments are maintained by the AKC. They are also allowed to compete in dog shows with the rest of the breeds of the 7 groups. But these breeds are not considered eligible for recognition by the AKC.

American Hairless Terrier


Height
Male - 7-18 in
Female - 7-16 in

Weight
5-25 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
United StatesCatahoula Leopard Dog


Height
Male - 22-23 in
Female - 20-24 in

Weight
35.3-81.6 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
United StatesBergamasco


Height
Male - 23-24 in
Female - 21-23 in

Weight
Male - 70.5-83.8 lbs
Female - 57.3-70.5 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Italy
Boerboel


Height
Male - 25-28 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
Male - 154.3-198.4 lbs
Female - 154.3-198.4 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
South AfricaBolognese


Height
Male - 11-12 in
Female - 10-11 in

Weight
Male - 5.5-8.8 lbs
Female - 5.5-8.8 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
ItalyCirneco dell'Etna


Height
Male - 18-20 in
Female - 17-20 in

Weight
Male - 22-26.5 lbs
Female - 17.6-22 lbs

Lifespan
8-10 years

Country of Origin
Italy
Coton de Tular


Height
Male - 10-12 in
Female - 9-11 in

Weight
Male - 8.8-13.2 lbs
Female - 7.7-11 lbs

Lifespan
14-16 years

Country of Origin
FranceDogo Argentino


Height
Male - 23.6-30 in
Female - 23.6-27 in

Weight
79.4-99.2 lbs

Lifespan
9-20 years

Country of Origin
ArgentinaEurasier


Height
Male - 20-24 in
Female - 19-22 in

Weight
Male - 50.7-70.5 lbs
Female - 39.7-57.3 lbs

Lifespan
12-14 years

Country of Origin
Germany
Hovawart


Height
Male - 25-29 in
Female - 23-26 in

Weight
66-110 lbs

Lifespan
10-14 years

Country of Origin
GermanyKorean Jindo


Height
Male - 20-22 in
Female - 18-20 in

Weight
Male - 39.7-50.7 lbs
Female - 33.1-41.9 lbs

Lifespan
12-15 years

Country of Origin
KoreaMudi


Height
Male - 16-19 in
Female - 15-17 in

Weight
Male - 24.3-28.7 lbs
Female - 17.6-24.3 lbs

Lifespan
13-15 years

Country of Origin
Hungary
Portuguese Podengo


Height
Male - 22-28 in
Female - 22-27 in

Weight
44-66 lbs

Lifespan
15-17 years

Country of Origin
PortugalSpanish Mastiff


Height
Male - 30-35 in
Female - 28-35 in

Weight
Male - 198.4-220.5 lbs
Female - 114.6-169.8 lbs

Lifespan
10-12 years

Country of Origin
Spain
The other breeds which are included in Foundation Stock Service are listed below:
  • Appenzeller Sennenhund
  • Azawakh
  • Barbet
  • Belgian Laekenois
  • Berger Picard
  • Bracco Italiano
  • Braque du Bourbonnais
  • Caucasian Ovcharka
  • Central Asian Shepherd Dog
  • Czechoslovakian Vlcak
  • Danish-Swedish Farmdog
  • Deutscher Wachtelhund
  • Drentsche Patrijshond
  • Dutch Shepherd
  • Estrela Mountain Dog
  • French Spaniel
  • German Longhaired Pointer
  • German Spitz
  • Grand Basset Griffon Venden
  • Hamiltonstovare
  • Kai Ken
  • Karelian Bear Dog
  • Kishu Ken
  • Kooikerhondje
  • Kromfohrlander
  • Lagotto Romagnolo
  • Lancashire Heeler
  • Miniature American Shepherd
  • Norrbottenspets
  • Perro de Presa Canario
  • Peruvian Inca Orchid
  • Portuguese Pointer
  • Portuguese Sheepdog
  • Pumi
  • Rafeiro do Alentejo
  • Rat Terrier
  • Russian Toy
  • Schapendoes
  • Sloughi
  • Slovensky Cuvac
  • Small Munsterlander Pointer
  • Spanish Water Dog
  • Stabyhoun
  • Swedish Lapphund
  • Thai Ridgeback
  • Tornjak
  • Tosa
  • Treeing Tennessee Brindle
  • Wirehaired Vizsla

Dogs have been man's companions since time immemorial. Whether it was just sitting on his lap providing companionship, helping shepherds with herding their animals, assisting hunters in retrieving their game, pulling sleds or other heavy items for man or guarding his property and life, dogs have been present by man's side faithfully. There are innumerable mix-breeds which do not fit into the above categories, but that does not, and should not, take away from what they have to offer - which is the same as any recognized breed can - unconditional love and companionship.
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